Spanish Version

Tuesday, October 18, 2011

Fascinating Mountains!

There is an old saying about mountains: "To those who have struggled with them, the mountain reveals beauties that they will never forget". Indeed, it does not matter where the mountains are, they are always fascinating and aside of the aesthetic aspect, they show the power of our creator.
Nahuel Huapi National Park, Hotel Llau Llau View and Pañuelo Port, Bariloche - Argentina
Mountains flirting with clouds - Chapare, Cochabamba - Bolivia
Although it is not the same as to be on the site, a virtual trip can show us their wonders and also we can take the chance to learn some details about them.
Mountains are formed by slow movements of the earth crust. There are 5 types of mountains:
1) Folded mountains are formed when when two plates collide and their edges crumbled, much the same way as a piece of paper folds when pushed together. This is the most common type.
Illimani Mountain, in its skirts is located the city of La Paz - Bolivia. It is a typical example of a folded mountain.
Mountains can have awsome shapes like the ones shown in this picture from Chapare, Cochabamba - Bolivia.
2) Fault-block mountains form when faults or cracks in the earth's crust force some materials or blocks of rock up and others down. This type is characterized by steep slopes.
Fault-block mountains. Volcan Lagoon, Bermejo - Santa Cruz - Bolivia.
3) Dome mountains are the result of a great amount of melted rock (magma) pushing its way up under the earth crust. The difference with the volcanic mountains is that the magma pressure does not have the strength to actually erupt. These mountains have typically a ball shape with a surrounding flat area.

Dome Mountain. Amboró Park. View from the surroundings of Samaipata town - Santa Cruz - Bolivia.

Mountain close to Bermejo, 50 miles from Santa Cruz on the old road to Cochabamba, Bolivia 

4) Volcanic mountains are generated by volcanic activity create one or several eruptions of magma forming the typical cone-shaped mountain.

The devil's tooth at the south of La Paz city - Bolivia. It is a volcanoe that has only the remainings of the main chimney.
Licancabur Volcanoe and the Green Lagoon. South of the Potosi Departament - Bolivia.

5) Plateau mountains are not formed by the internal activity of the earth crust. Instead, they are formed by erosion of a plateau due to different natural forces (wind, water, etc.)
Finally, we must say that many mountains are a combination of the upper types, which generates weird and singular shapes.

The weird colors and shapes are common in the Dali's valley like the art of the famous painter, Potosí Bolivia.

Finally, we must say that many mountains are a combination of the upper types, which generates weird and singular shapes.
Several mountains are famous due to their height, for example the Everest, or due to their volcanic activity. But there are also some others known by their beauty like the Fuji Mountain in Japan. However, as we have seen, there are several that although they are not so famous, they are also beautiful and they are worth to our attention. If you are blessed with mountains in the place where you live, take some time to discover their beauty, considering also, that many ecosystems and their
biodiversity do exist thanks to the mountains. They allow the awesome differences of temperatures, precipitation and vegetation. Enjoy them!

The Andean Condor, king of the mountain.

Another picture of the condor flying over the mountains.
Red Lagoon Potosí - Bolivia.

Argentinean and Chile's Patagonia has also amazing mountains.